China’s policy with regard to children -- one child per couple -- has undergone a serious revision, and, on Thursday, China’s “ruling Communist Party” announced that all families will be allowed to have two children.
China first integrated the one child per family policy back in 1979 as a “temporary measure to curb a then-surging population and limit the demands for water and other resources.” An exception was made to the policy only if a rural family’s first born was a girl due to China’s notable bias and preference for boys. Many restrictions and repercussions were placed on couples who broke the policy, including fees and the taking away of one’s livestock; China’s revised policy removes all restrictions, much to the joy of mothers who are eager to have another child, such as 36 year old Su Weihu, who excitedly exclaims, “I have looked forward this for so many years — even had dreams about it! I cried every time when I woke up and realized it wasn't yet true. I thought it was so unfair; I do not care if the second child is a boy or a girl, at my age, as long as he or she is healthy."
With this momentous change, China’s Communist Party’s Central Committee stated their decision for a family to have two children instead of one was made in order to “improve the balanced development of the population and to deal with an aging population.” China’s latest decision is an attempt to bring about a baby boom, and, despite this decision, a baby boom will likely take time due to declining fertility rates; family sizes have become reasonably smaller, and there is a huge imbalance when it comes to China’s male and female population. The male gender is significantly more dominant and prominent, whereas quite a few female babies are aborted due to their gender; “The imbalance makes it difficult for some men to find wives, and is believed to fuel the trafficking of women as brides.”
China’s one child policy halted 400 million births, and despite the new policy, Cai Yong -- a sociology professor at the University of North Carolina -- stated, “The good news is, it is here. The bad news is, it is too little too late."
Do you agree with Yong’s statement? What are your thoughts on China’s new policy? Let us know in the comments down below!