The Supreme Court sees quite a few notable cases, and this week's case regarding Texas abortion laws has been no different.
This week the court reaffirmed the constitutional protections for abortion rights, marking one of the most notable court decisions since Planned Parenthood v. Casey in 1992, which had strengthened the right for people to have an abortion as established in Roe v. Wade in 1973.
The 5 to 3 decision struck down a Texas law that could have significantly reduced the number of abortion clinics in the state, which could have resulted in the clinics only being located in the major metropolitan areas.
The law was signed in July 2013 by Former Governor Rick Perry. This case was focused on the two parts of the restrictive requirements, including demands such as that all clinics in the state must meet the standards for ambulatory surgical centers, which included building regulations, equipment and staffing, as well as required doctors to have admitting privileges at a nearby hospital. This was the same law that Senator Wendy Davis had spent 11 hours in a filibuster in opposition to the law's signing.
The Court found that the restrictions would have violated the prohibition of placing an "undue burden" on those seeking abortions, as found in the 1992 case. The ruling means that any state that has any similar requirements on abortion clinics would also be considered unconstitutional.
The court found that the restrictions suggested by this law were enough to justify the burdens being placed on the people's constitutional right to an abortion.
"Each places a substantial obstacle in the path of women seeking a previability abortion, each constitutes an undue burden on abortion access, and each violates the federal Constitution," wrote Justice Stephen G. Breyer on behalf of the majority.
Justices Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Sonia Sotomayor, Elena Kagan and Anthony M. Kennedy voted for the majority opinion, with Chief Justice John G. Roberts Jr., and Justices Clarence Thomas and Samuel A. Alito Jr. dissenting.